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Period of Diarchy government

On 2nd January 1923, form of government by Diarchy with Burmese participation was introduced. There were Administrative Council and Legislative Council in Diarchy Government. In Administrative branch, Head of the Executive Council was

  • Sir Spencer Harcourt Butter (Governor)
  • Sir William John Keith (Premier and Minister of Finance)
  • Sir Maung Khin (Minister of Home Affairs)
  • Joseph A. Maung Gyi (Minister of Forestry)
  • M.A Maung Gyee (Minister of Education)
In legislative branch, there were 103 seats in Legislative Council, 79 out of 103 were elected (57 non-communal seats elected by a common roll and 22 communal seats reserved for ethnic minorities). A further 24 seats were appointed by Governor (14 could be government officials, 8 ex officio members and 2 members of Executive Council).
The second election for Diarchy Government was held on 17 November 1925.

The second Diarchy Government

In Administrative branch, Head of the Executive Council was –
  • Sir Spencer Harcourt Butler (Governor)
  • Sir Willian John Keith (Minister of Finance)
  • U May Aung (Minister of Home Affairs)
  • Sarlie Araim (Minister of Forestry)
  • Dr. Ba Yin (Minister of Education)
In Legislative branch,
  • Independent Party (20) seats
  • Nationalist Party (25) seats
  • Swaraj Party (9) seats
  • Home Rule Party (11) seats
  • Total (65) seats

  • What made MP in opposition out on strike?
    On 5th March 1926, member of the legislature put up a proposal to abolish the post of 'Prosperity Commissioner'. But the proposal was firmly rejected by British Government. So, members of the legislature boycotted the Government's decision and left the Chamber for the first time.
    On 9th February 1927, Sir Joseph A Maung Gyi, Minister of Home Affairs, put a blame disrespectfully on venerable monks who were imprisoned for their political activities. So, members of Legislature boycotted the parliament in protest at Minister's uncouth words.
    On 9th July 1927, members of the Legislature boycotted the parliament asserting that the authority of British Government were pressing people’s desire down, for the third time, the Council Chamber was left behind.
    On 5th November 1928, the third Diarchy Government was elected.

    The third Diarchy Government

    In Administrative branch, Head of the Executive Council was –
    • Sir Charles Alexander Innes (Governor)
    • Mr. Samuel Andrew Smith (Minister of France)
    • Sir Joseph A Maung Gyi (Minister of Home Affairs)
    • Sarlie Araim (Minister of Forestry)
    • U Ba Tin (Minister of Education)
    In legislative branch,
    • U Ba Pe's – People's Party (40) seats
    • U Pu's – Independent Party (12) seats
    On 11th August 1930, Sir Charles Inne's idia of Burma separation from India was first mooted and members of Parliament concurred with each other in his view. Sir Charles Innes asked four month's leave of absence and returned to London. So, Sir Joseph A Maung Gyi was inaugurated as an acting Governor on 12th August 1930.
    The fourth Diarchy election was held on 9th November 1932. The election was held almost solely on the issue of whether Burma should separate from India.

    The fourth Diarchy Government

    In administrative branch, Head of Executive Council was –
    • Sir Charles Alexander Innes (Governor)
    • Mr. Cooper (Minister of Finance)
    • Sir Maung Ba (Minister of Home Affairs)
    • Sir Joseph A Maung Gyi (Minister of Forestry)
    • U Kyaw Din (Minister of Education)

    In Legislative branch

    • Dr. Ba Maw's Anti-Separation League (42)seats
    • U Ba Pe's Separation League (29) seats
    • Neutral (9) seats
    Dr. Ba Maw, U Chit Hlaing and U Ba Pe impeached Sir Joseph A Maung Gyi and U Kyaw Din on 20th February 1934.So, Sir Joseph A Maung Gyi and U Kyaw Din were dismissed. The fifth Cabinet was reformed as a coalition Government on 9th April 1934. In that cabinet, most of the departments were to remain unchanged whereas two were replaced.
    • U Ba Pe (Minister of Forestry)
    • Dr. Ba Maw (Minister of Education)